The consumer is King -- and Queen. The consumer is the person who buys products and services for personal or family use -- such as food, clothes, house furnishings and appliances. The consumer is the person who also chooses vacations, medical care and other personal and family related services. This list of democratic countries is recommended for consumers who want to buy products and services from a democracy (1). The name of a country is on labels, websites, and envelopes.

Consumers have powerful control over a country's standard of living and standard of government. Consumer spending is 2/3's of an economy. The remaining 1/3 is government and business spending. A country's standard of living and standard of government depends mostly on consumers. Paychecks are possible mainly because you buy products and services for personal use and pay taxes. Therefore, your choices of products and services are important because your choices can play an important role in a country's decision to be a democracy. Government officials salaries depend on their country's income tax and sales tax.

Democracies that are government sanctioned tax havens for secret bank accounts (2), or havens for child trafficking (3) are excluded from the following list.

Electoral Democracies

Argentina, Australia, Austria
Bahamas, Belgium, Brazil
Canada, Chile, Cyprus, Czech Republic
Finland, France
Germany, Ghana, Grenada, Greece
Iceland, India, Ireland, Italy
Jamaica, Japan
Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg
Malta, Mauritius
Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway
Poland, Portugal
St. Vincent and Grenadines, Slovakia, Slovenia
South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden
United Kingdom
United States of America

(1) Freedom House. Freedom in the World. 2016. Table of Country Scores.

(2) OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. Tax Transparency 2015: Report on Progress. Annexes, p. 48-65.

(3) U.S. Dept. of State. Trafficking in Persons Report 2015. Tier Placements, p. 54.

For a list of U.S. states cutting global warming, see

Send comments/questions to Kathleen P. O'Donnell (B.A. - Economics, M.L.S. - Library Science) at: